The Four Sections of Hell and Christ’s Descent into Hell according to Thomas Aquinas

According to Saint Thomas Aquinas, there are Four Sections to Hell: Gehenna, Purgatory, and Limbo of the Children, and Limbo of the Fathers. In this video, I explain the descent of Christ into Hell (as we say in the Apostles’ Creed) and explain these four “sections” through the biblical eyes of Thomas Aquinas.

We also break down some of the Latin, Greek, in Hebrew words into a simple way so that you can understand them. Don’t miss this complimentary video from the New Saint Thomas Institute:

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  • Maggie Sullivan

    Thank you for a clear explanation, it is very helpful.

  • JKR

    It seemed to be based on Thomas Aquinas too much. There were things to agree with, but there was so little good documentation.

  • Polydor

    So Francis belongs in Gehenna?

  • Rick Pena

    (Merely re-posting my comment from YouTube)

    Wonderful summary concerning Hades, Gehenna, and Purgatory. However, the passage from Luke 16:22 that Dr Marshall quoted was from the Douay Rheims Bible, and it does not mean Gehenna as he said. The Clementine Vulgate, from which the Douay Rheims is derived, uses the the phrase “in inferno”, meaning “in the infernal region”, or “in the netherworld”, i.e. Hades. The term “infernus” in the Vulgate never means “Gehenna”, but is employed as the translation of either “sheol” in the OT or “hades” in the NT; the Greek noun γέεννα (geenna) is always translated as “gehenna” in the Vulgate. Thankfully, the Nova Vulgata transposes “in inferno” to the beginning of verse 23, in accordance with the Greek original.

  • Your bishop says one thing. Saint Thomas Aquinas (canonized saint, Doctor of the Church) says another thing.

    Who are you going to go with?