My Initial Doubts about the Latin Mass

Also Known as the "Grover Mass" Post

By now it’s no secret that I attend the Latin Mass; however, I’ve not always been partial to the Latin Mass. For a few years after my conversion to the Catholic Faith, I was cautiously curious about the the “old Mass.”

Screen Shot 2015-11-16 at 12.23.18 PMI perceived it as exotic, antiquarian, and even as a dangerous. Although I had some esteem for the “old liturgies,” I was not convinced of the merits of the Latin Mass and the culture, which for better or worse, surrounds it.

My wife and I starting taking our family to the Latin Mass around Feast of the Ascension of 2010. Before we made this move, however, I had some serious misgivings about the Latin Mass, which we also call the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite. Our concerns were some of the common concerns that others still have and voice regularly. I cannot speak for everyone, but I’d like to go through my own personal misgivings about the Latin Mass and then explain how I overcame them, or, to be blunt, learned to live with them.

“Daddy, look! Girl priests!”

There were a lot of things that caused us to make the transition. Part of it was my attachment to aesthetically beautiful liturgy from my Anglican days. Most of it had to do with my alarm at the liturgical abuse that we witnessed. For example, the first time that my four year old daughter saw female “altar boys” serving at the altar, she tugged on my sleeve and said, “Daddy, look. I wanna be a girl priest, too.” Not encouraging.

Just sayin’. That’s the child’s version of lex credendi, lex orandi at work.

Mass as the Diamond Ring

Please don’t hear me saying that the Novus Ordo is invalid. By all means, it is valid and re-presents the true sacrifice Christ to God the Father. But the Mass is like a diamond engagement ring. It’s not enough that it be a real diamond. It must also have a gold ring and a proper setting if you want it to really shine and be appreciated.

There were a number of dissatisfactions, but the breaking point happened some time in early 2010. It was the straw that broke the camel’s back.

That “Grover” Eucharistic Moment

It was a Sunday. I won’t identify the church. Our family went forward to receive Holy Communion. My family always tried to receive Communion from the priest, but sometimes it was impossible and you’d get re-routed to an Extraordinary Eucharistic Lay Minister. This re-routing must have happened this day. The EM to whom we were routed that day was wearing jeans and she had on an over-sized blue shirt with a giant image of Grover’s face. I just did a Google search and found a picture of the exact shirt:

grover shirt

Here, I was entering into intimate Communion with the Divine Logos, the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity, the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ Himself…but I was staring into the face of Grover from Sesame Street.

Grover never bothered me before, but that day I was deeply bothered by Jim Henson’s icon staring me in the face. Beautiful vestments had been instituted for a purpose. Up until now I did not appreciate how they prevented the faithful from coming into contact with Muppets during the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.

As I returned to my pew, I thought inwardly: “This church is empty of any Catholic images, statues, or icons. The only icon that I can gaze into is the EMs muppet’s shirt. This is ridiculous. I don’t want my children to grow up with this perception of the one true Faith.” I had seen worse things than this before, but for some reason the Grover moment broke me.

I was now ready to make full-hearted foray into the Latin Mass community served by the FSSP (Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter – in union with the Holy Father, of course). Yet, I had a few pre-conceived notions against the Latin Mass and its adherents.

My Pre-Conceived Stereotypes:

First of all, I was turned off by the so-called “traddies” who haunted the pews during the Latin Mass. Here are the common stereotypes of those scary traditionalists that you hear about in conversations:

  1. “Modest clothing,” which seems to be interpreted as “denim for the ladies” and “no denim for the men,” paired with ubiquitous jumpers for moms and daughters, men with pants hemmed too short, 1950s haircuts, and “brown” as the most holy of all colors. Actually, make that “Carmelite brown.”
  2. Judgmental and Pharisaical so that all outside their version of Catholicism are in need of “fraternal correction.”
  3. Bishop-bashers, which means that we must police the behavior of bishops and post their faults online.
  4. Dour facial expressions: Sad, depressed, and/or angry.
  5. Uneducated, yet obsessed with Latin.
  6. Amish Catholics or Bunker Catholics, which means that we must bunker down, circle the wagons, and wait patiently for the Three Days of Darkness.
  7. Jansenists in theology, which means that they are really Catholic Calvinists who believe that human nature is totally depraved and salvation is a gave of accumulated points. (St Thomas Aquinas rightfully taught that grace perfects nature. Jansenists hold that grace gets rid of that nasty nature.)

I think that sums up the traddy stereotype pretty well.

So, are they true?

Well, like all stereotypes, the traddy sterotype is greatly exaggerated but based on reality. After five years, I still experience mitigated examples of the stereotypes above, but it’s not as thorough as I had suspected.

Let me interject that my wife and I were braced for the worst but were pleasantly surprised. Yes, people did come up afterward and compliment our family. They were kind. They invited us to coffee. The priests were welcoming friendly and genuinely concerned for our souls. This last feature, the outstanding priests, is the key to all of this. We met young Catholic friends immediately – friends to this day. People were nice and friendly.

In true Thomistic fashion, let’s examine each objection in order:

ad 1. “Modest clothing” which seems to be interpreted as “denim for the ladies” and “no denim for the men” paired with ubiquitous jumpers for moms and daughters, men with pants hemmed too short, 1950s haircuts, and “brown” as the most holy of all colors. Actually, make that “Carmelite brown.”

My wife and I have learned that “modest” does not mean homely. It takes time, style, and even money to dress modestly and attractively. Are some people dressed in burlap jumpers? Not burlap, but there are some jumpers here and there. But that’s just a tiny minority. Most men and women (and children) look pretty dignified. And to be quite honest, I’d much prefer to see a whole team of burlap jumper ladies than 19-year-old girls with low cut tops, short-shorts, or “jeggings.” If you’re Catholic in the USA, you know exactly what I’m talking about. Which would you rather have?

ad 2. Judgmental so that all outside their version of Catholicism are in need of “fraternal correction”

Judgmentalism is a problem for any Catholic who is serious about his faith. Whenever we try hard to enter the narrow gate, we occasionally pause and pity all the souls taking the other path. Pity often gives way to resentment, especially when they’re having so much fun on the other path. Is there an inordinate amount of judgmentalism or Pharisaism in Latin Mass circles? Yes, it’s certainly there. However, I don’t think that Latin Masses causes judgmentalism. I think it’s because the Latin Mass attracts religious people and the devil tempts the religiously minded with pride. The devil knows he’s not going to tempt Mrs. Latin Mass to strut around in a tight sweater and jeggings. No, he has different plans for the religious. Pride is his powerful temptation for the devout.

But there is judgmentalism even among the most liberal and progressive parishes and priests. I had a very progressive priest recently accuse me of being a “fundamentalist” and insinuating that I’m pro-life but that I don’t help women with their babies. He was so “open-minded,” and “progressive,” but I left that conversation feeling despised, judged, and beat up. So much for being a “merciful” and “pastoral.”

So let’s remember that judgmental clergy and laymen are everywhere.

ad 3. Bishop-bashers, which means that we must police the behavior of bishops and post their faults online.

Honestly, people I know love and pray for their bishop regularly. You hear some bishop bashing here and there; however, I heard it all the time in the Novus Ordo parishes, as well. I really don’t think that Latin Mass adherents are big bishop-bashers.

ad 4. Dour facial expressions: Sad, depressed, and/or angry

Now was everyone at the Latin Mass so friendly and cordial? No, of course not. There were a few ladies of advanced years that gave mean looks to my wife when our little ones interrupted – but that happened even at the Novus Ordo. Most people were happy and accepting.
As for the men, they’re just guys. Knights of Columbus. Sports. Dads. Just men. I have noticed that Latin Mass men universally own guns and are into hunting. Good features in my book.

ad 5. Uneducated, yet obsessed with Latin 

The first part isn’t true. What I have noticed is that the Latin Mass generally attracts two demographics: intellectuals and blue collar males. Perhaps the latter gives rise to the myth of “uneducated.” Intellectuals are attracted because they see the importance of a continuity of tradition and they drama of sanctity in the old rites.

But the same is true for your blue collar men. These men are real men and they are unimpressed with 1970s jingles, the overly-familiar “Father Bob,” and other fluffy elements found in contemporary music and liturgy.

Also, it doesn’t seem that people are obsessed with Latin or posit magical properties to it. As someone once said, Latin and silence are to the Roman liturgy what the iconostasis is to the Eastern liturgies. The human soul demands a separation between the profane and the sacred. There are other reasons for Latin (I cover a few reasons for Latin in my new book: The Eternal City – Rome & the Origins of Catholicism.)

ad 6. Amish Catholics or Bunker Catholics, which means that we must bunker down, circle the wagons, and wait patiently for the Three Days of Darkness.

When times are bleak, this is a dangerous temptation. We can feel that we must give up the positive call to evangelism because things are so bad. We can convince ourselves that our light must be placed under a bushel so as to not be snuffed out. While there are some who seek to revive an agrarian utopia of yesteryear, most are people studying, working, and living in the local community. Many of them are bringing people into the Catholic Church. Lots of converts.

ad 7. Jansenists in theology, which means that they are really Catholic Calvinists who believe that human nature is totally depraved. St Thomas Aquinas rightfully taught that grace perfects nature. Jansenists hold that grace gets rid of that nasty nature.

The old heretics known as the Jansenists were down on devotion to the Saints, down on devotion to Mary, and down on devotion to the Sacred Heart. If anything, the priests and laity attached to the Latin Mass are the greatest enthusiasts for true devotion to the Rosary and the Sacred Heart. Also, Jansenism sought to have austere simplicity in the liturgy. A Solemn High Mass is anything but that!

People also need to know that Jansenism was a liturgical movement, but moving in the other direction of the Latin Mass. The Jansenists wanted vernacular Mass and Breviary, undecorated altars, candle sticks off the altar, whitewashed walls, removal of statues, and a decrease in private devotions.

What I’ve perceived is that if a priest preaches on hell, purgatory, contraception, divorce, or other difficult topics, he will be rumored as Jansenistic. Sermons on hell, especially, generally lead to allegations of Jansenism. My response is that we need to hear it.

To summarize, most of the stereotypes are not fully accurate but do in fact touch on elements, good or bad, in communities attached to the Extraordinary Form of the Latin Mass. To be honest I don’t notice the stereotypes anymore. If I think about it, I can see it. However, they are more like surface features. They aren’t of the essence. So let’s turn to one final objection that does concern doubts over the essence of the Latin Mass: Lay Participation.

But What About the Latin and “Active Participation”?

Now we turn to an objection that is not simply about the people and culture, but about the old liturgy in particular. It is often asked, “How do you actively participate? It’s in Latin. That’s a huge barrier for me.”

The Latin Mass is like beer. You have to drink it in a few times to like it. My challenge would be for you to attend the Latin Mass for four Sundays in a row before making a decision. Give it that long. Here’s why:

You will slowly make a shift in the way that you assist at Holy Mass. Your concept of Active Participation will transform in your heart. There is a lot of quiet “space” in the Latin Mass. The first time or so, you’ll be sitting there doing nothing and thinking, “What’s going on? Why aren’t we doing anything?”

When you’ve reached that point, you’re getting close. It’s like drinking beer for the first time. “This tastes terrible? What’s the hype? I don’t understand.” But then you come to realize that beer is more than just the taste.

You realize something is different. Your soul begins to focus silently on Christ crucified. You find yourself kneeling next to the Blessed Virgin Mary in stunned silence as the priest lifts Jesus Christ over his head. You enter into the silence. It’s difficult to understand. You simply have to experience it.

True Active Participation

This brings us to a new understanding of “Active Participation.” Active participation is not moving your body around the sanctuary. Active participation is not serving as an altar boy, carrying cruets, reading a lesson, or being an EM. If that were the case, then every lay person in the nave would need a special job to fulfill to participate actively. This is not active participation, but it is false clericalism. It is the incorrect belief that a lay person must do something quasi-priestly for it to be meaningful and prayerful.

The Second Vatican Council did not promote active participation as clericalism. No, true active participation as promoted by the Council is modeled by the Blessed Virgin Mary. It means actively following the work of Christ on the cross with a humble and prayerful heart. Ask yourself, who was more “active” at the foot of the cross, the Roman soldiers or the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John, and Saint Mary Magdalene? Active participation is fulfilled by an inward disposition. This conforms to our conviction that God wants the heart more than he wants outward signs of piety.

Conclusion

To sum up, the positives are reverence and active participation. The negatives are laid out in the seven objections. My opinion is that there are certain truths connected to the seven stereotypes. I’m not saying that the stereotypes are entirely false, but they are greatly over-exaggerated.

So my challenge is to try out the Four-Week Challenge. Attend the Latin Mass (only in communion with the Holy Father – avoid schismatic groups) for four weeks and give it a go. It’s a different experience. I think you’ll find it wonderful.

Question: Please leave a comment about your experiences. You can leave a comment by clicking here.

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  • Francis Feingold

    Great post. Question, though, on the “active participation” point (which, as you rightly admit, is the real rub). Every argument I’ve heard for the way the EF is *normally* done—i.e., in “Low Mass” style (which I associate especially, though far from exclusively, with the FSSP)—hinges on the following assumption: real active participation is a kind of mental prayer.

    But how can that be right? The whole point of the liturgy (Mass and Office both) is that it is vocal prayer—the public vocal prayer of the whole Church. Mental prayer is a wonderful thing indeed, and I’m all for it (heh, at least in theory): but is it not a part of the Church’s ancient wisdom that the human psyche needs both forms of prayer? The interior contemplation and the verbal externalization?

    The Eastern rites, arguably, have an even greater emphasis on mystery than the EF does (thus, you rightly compare our Latin to their iconostasis). Yet, at every Eastern liturgy which I’ve attended, there’s popular vocal participation (in the straightforward sense of the word) which far outstrips any Novus Ordo. Such a model, where transcendent mystery and vocal, popular praise of God are built into the same form of worship, seems to be me to be a much healthier and fuller expression of what the Church’s public prayer should be.

    Thus, while I strongly agree that Grover shirts on EMs are tragic, and that even the reverently celebrated Latin Novus Ordo is a thing that has been stripped of much of its ancient beauty, it seems to me that the ideal is not the EF Low Mass, but rather a “reform of the reform”: a dialogue EF, where the people are actively encouraged to speak the servers’ parts and sing the Mass chants, and where God’s word is proclaimed as the apostles proclaimed it: in the vernacular, so that it might be understood. (I think there has been a rather tragic oversight on the part of traditionalists that different parts of the Mass have different functions. Latin and mystery is eminently appropriate for the function of divine sacrifice; not so appropriate for the function of instruction and teaching.)

    • Estella Careaga LeBlanc

      I am no theologian. I’m just a regular Catholic who loves the Faith. We don’t need any more reform of the reform of the reform of the reform. Enough reforms already. At our FSSP parish, we are encouraged to speak the servers’ parts (Dialogue Mass) and also sing the Mass chants during High/Solemn Mass. There are times during daily Mass when Father doesn’t have a server, so the faithful in the pews speak the servers’ parts. When he does have a server, some still chime in, which is fine. I do love the quiet, however. I love singing the Asperges before High Mass and other chants during Mass. And although God’s word is proclaimed in Latin at the Low Mass, it is spoken both in Latin and English at the High Mass. But there you have the reason for the bilingual Missal – . Everything is right there in red and black so you really don’t miss anything. I know I don’t. Ever. We don’t need to be constantly talking. It’s all so wonderful to me and it’s so difficult to accept how this beautiful and reverent form of worship was literally taken away from us. We are blessed to have the FSSP. I thank our Lord daily for our priests and pray to our Lady that she obtain for us a number of holy priests.

  • Michael J Taylør

    Awesome post! I loved it. Although, I think there is more depth to be written about regarding the pride of us Latin Mass goers. One could argue that such a thing is no small matter, but rather is the root of all other sins and therefore, more dangerous than any environment of liturgical abuse. How do we view this? How do we change it? Are we stuck with our feet in the mud with no counter-measure, defense, or different way of looking at it?

  • kbg

    How providential that you posted this today! I have been struggling with this decision for a while, and it has intensified in the last month…I was almost ready to go to the other Mass last Sunday, and then was too intimidated by figuring out what to wear (I do dress modestly and nicely for Mass, in my opinion, my was afraid that my idea of appropriate – dress pants – and theirs would not be the same, in addition to figuring out what to wear on my head). So I chickened out. This is also not an FSSP parish, just a regular Archdiocesan parish that offers this Mass, and not a parish that has a very welcoming reputation. All excuses. You have encouraged me to give a try.

  • Phyllis C

    “Please don’t hear me saying that the Novus Ordo is invalid. By all means it is.” I understand what you are saying-but this choice of words is a bit confusing! As a person who loves Latin mass, it made me chuckle.

  • Teresita Tiu

    You are so right in all aspects! I like the Latin mass because ( don’t know if this is true), Satan is in fear of prayers in Latin. There is solemnity & silence which we don’t get in our modern masses. Some ladies wear veils, which add to the reverence( does God really need this physical manifestation?).
    The Communion on the tongue seems to be preferable to most ‘holy’ people. Medjugorje encourages it. Why did Vatican 2 abolish it?
    Latin has its downside. Not practical. The vernacular is understandable and casual dressing is easier for everybody. Thus, the Latin mass will never be that popular again! Wish Vatican 2 never changed anything. Before that, the churches were full !! After the council, people do not fast, confess nor go to mass every Sunday anymore!! They think the Catholic religion is like a supermarket. Just pick and choose what you want.