#055: Why Do We Baptized Babies?

My goal this week is to talk to you about infant baptism. If faith is something someone must know and understand and it must be a personal decision from the heart, why do we baptize children? They do not make a decision? Moreover, one might say that Catholicism has so many nominal members precisely because of infant baptism. Would it better to just wait till people mature and make the decision themselves? We will look at these common objections and then the biblical and historical reasons for baptizing infants.

Baptized Babies

Click to Listen: #055: Why Do We Baptized Babies?

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  • Proverb of the week: Prov 25:19
  • Featured Segment: We do we baptized babies?
  • Announcements:
    • We had a great live webinar. We had over 1,000 participants. We gave away free books and a membership to the New Saint Thomas Institute. We also did some live Q&A on the fly. So if you are interested in being involved in our next live webinar, please go to taylormarshall.com, sign up for our free book and we’ll send you an invite to join the next webinar.
    • Also, we will be releasing a weekly video on youtube. We released one this past week on the Synod of Bishops for Marriage and Family Life. If you’re confused about homosexuality, the Synod, the Relatio document, or alarming statements from cardinals, then please watch this video. Just go to Youtube and search “Taylor Marshall.”
  • Tip of the week: Trello
  • Latin word of the week: paedobaptisma

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Question:

Tell your thoughts about this podcast by leaving a comment below. You can leave a comment by clicking here.

Podcast Archive

# Title Released
054 Is God Male or Female – The Catholic Teaching 10/08/2014
053 Lucifer vs. Saint Michael 10/01/2014
052 1 Year Anniversary Special Edition: Essentialism What is the Essence of Your Life? 09/24/2014
051 The Price of Your Anger 09/17/2014
050 The Seven Sorrows of Mary are the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit 09/15/2014
049 Obstacles in Your Life (How to Conquer Them) 09/10/2014
048 Brain Science, Your Soul & Prayer 09/03/2014
047 Don’t Swallow the Camel 08/27/2014
046 The Secret Life of Thomas Aquinas 08/22/2014
045 Did Saint Paul Teach Once Saved Always Saved? 08/06/2014
044 How to Escape Joyless Catholicism, Part 2 07/30/2014
043 How to Escape Joyless Catholicism, Part 1 07/24/2014
042 Golf Cart Saint 07/15/2014
041 5 Intellectual Virtues and Pornography, Art, and Culture 07/02/2014
040 Taylor and Joy Talk About Their Marriage 06/25/2014
038 Should You Budget Time 06/04/2014
037 The Theology of Vacation, Leisure, and Recreation 05/28/2014
036 Noah Movie Review – Rock Monsters? 05/21/2014
035 Children Need Fortitude 05/14/2014
034 Jokes of Saint John XXIII 05/07/2014
033 Divine Mercy: 5 Common Questions 04/30/2014
032 4 Sections of Hell 04/23/2014
031 Meet The Saint Version of You 04/16/2014
030 Should You Be an Optimist? 04/09/2014
029 Finding Fellowship like Samwise Gamgee 04/01/2014
028 Demons, Snakes, and Ticks: Lessons from a Hunting Trip 03/26/2014
027 How to Make an Eternal Impact with Your Life 03/19/2014
026 Thoughts on My Pilgrimage to Our Lady of Guadalupe 02/26/2014
025 Why is the Catholic Church Roman? 02/19/2014
024 The Seven Lies We Believe About Our Failures 02/11/2014
023 How to Restart Your Mental Computer 02/06/2014
022 Top Five Productivity Tips from Thomas Aquinas 01/29/2014
021 Did You Miss God’s Plan for Your Life? 01/23/2014
020 When Prayer Becomes a Chore 01/15/2014
019 12 Attributes of a Baptized Christian 01/08/2014
018 A Podcast Against Bitter Catholics! 12/30/2013
017 Mary’s Painless Delivery of Christ Explained 12/18/2013
016 Our Lady of Guadalupe and Saint Luke (Plus How to Set Goals) 12/11/2013
015 Total Consecration to Mary 12/04/2013
014 What’s Your Apostolate? 11/27/2013
013 6 Items for the Liturgy of Your Life 11/20/2013
012 Why You Should Be More Creative 11/13/2013
011 Why Did They Stop Teaching Virtue? 11/06/2013
010 How Do Saints Hear Our Prayers? 10/30/2013
009 My Opinion of Martin Luther 10/23/2013
008 My Top 5 Daily Prayers 10/16/2013
007 Your Guardian Angel 10/03/2013
006 How You Can Convert 7 Billion People 09/25/2013
005 3 Strategies for a Marriage that Sings! 09/18/2013
004 4 Step Plan When Family Leave the Faith 09/12/2013
003 5 Tools for Deep Daily Prayer Life 09/04/2013
002 Three Tips to Increase Your Passion for Life 08/28/2013
001 How to Find a Spiritual Director 08/18/2013

Crazy Cardinals, Synod on Marriage and Family, Finding Peace

Have you been following all the crazy news about the Synod of Bishops for Marriage and the Family and the Relatio document from last week?

Do you have questions about how the Church is handling homosexuality? Has it bothered you? Are you concerned? Below is a video explaining some of the lesser known details, the crazy things cardinals say, how Saint Paul handled homosexuality in the first century, and why you should not lose your peace over this situation.

Please take a moment to watch this video:

Are you having trouble seeing this video in your browser or email? Please click here to watch it.

Question: Please share your thoughts about the Synod of Bishops for Marriage and the Family (but be charitable in your feedback, please). You can leave a comment by clicking here.

Do you have friends and family confused about this Synod? Please share it with them on Facebook by clicking here.

The Four Sections of Hell and Christ’s Descent into Hell according to Thomas Aquinas

According to Saint Thomas Aquinas, there are Four Sections to Hell: Gehenna, Purgatory, and Limbo of the Children, and Limbo of the Fathers. In this video, I explain the descent of Christ into Hell (as we say in the Apostles’ Creed) and explain these four “sections” through the biblical eyes of Thomas Aquinas.

We also break down some of the Latin, Greek, in Hebrew words into a simple way so that you can understand them. Don’t miss this complimentary video from the New Saint Thomas Institute:

Are you having problems watching the video in your browser? Click here to watch it.

If you’re a Member of the New Saint Thomas Institute, you have instant access to over 50 videos/mp3s like this. If you’re not a Member, you need to enroll today. Here’s why…

Fall Enrollment Closes Tuesday Oct 14

Tuesday October 14 is the cut off date for new member Fall Enrollment into the New Saint Thomas Institute. If you want to get a 38% off scholarship, work toward an online Certificate in Catholic Theology, get some free bonuses (free books and mp3 downloads), and help support orphans and feed the hungry, please join today before the deadline. We close down enrollment at 11:59pm on Tuesday Oct 14. Once it’s closed, it’s closed (and tuition will go up again). If you’ve been on the wall over whether to join, this is the day – and there’s a 21 day full refund guarantee so you risk nothing.

Learn more about all the benefits you can receive from NSTI, see your bonuses, and learn about how it all works, by clicking here.

NSTI Certificate

to Jesus through Mary,

Taylor

PS: For all those 1,000+ of you who are already Members of the New Saint Thomas Institute, thank you for making this possible.

How to Feed the Poor and Care for Orphans…Every Month

Great news. If you are a Member of the New Saint Thomas Institute, you are now supporting abandoned children in China and feeding the poor!

little flower couch nsti

You still get all the great videos and content – and you know that you are making a positive impact on the world at the same time. Nothing changes except now you are part of providing for those in desperate need. This is not an extra cost. We are now using part of your existing monthly tuition for charitable purposes.

As you know from the video lessons in the New Saint Thomas Institute, I am convinced that orthodox theology leads to virtuous living and heroic action. With all of our growth, we are at a point now in the New Saint Thomas Institute to start giving back and helping others.

True Religion: Faith and Works or Theology and Charity

We know that studying Thomas Aquinas is not enough. Learning Catholic theology is not enough. Holding the true faith is not enough. Saint Paul teaches that we are justified by “faith working through love” (fides quæ per caritatem operatur, Gal 5:6). As Saint James wrote: “a man is justified; and not by faith only” (James 2:24). James also tell us that true religion cares for the orphan and widow:

“Religion clean and undefiled before God and the Father, is this: to visit the orphans and widows in their tribulation.”

Our Lord Jesus Christ told us that when we feed the hungry or clothe the sick (Matthew 25), we render these loving works to Him. He is present in the poor and outcast when we assist them.

The Oxcart Project of the New Saint Thomas Institute

Our Members are not only discovering Catholic theology and growing in their faith through the New Saint Thomas Institute. They are now collectively make a deep impact in the world.

We call it the Oxcart Project because it’s the means we use to carry assistance to those in need (the name “ox” is a reference to our patron Saint Thomas Aquinas – the Dumb Ox). With the New Saint Thomas Institute’s Oxcart Project, we are providing a quantifiable number of meals for the hungry and caring for abandoned children in China.

Our initial commitment beginning in October and moving forward is to:

  1. provide 1,077 meals monthly to those suffering from hunger
  2. provide monthly financial support for Chunmiao Little Flower to care for orphans in China in a loving and Christian environment.

I am particularly passionate about the Little Flower orphanage in China. Many of these Chinese children were born with handicaps or defects and their parents deemed them as “throwaway babies.” The Little Flower Project plucks up these little flowers and cares for them.

little flower bottle nsti

I recently heard of a baby who was discovered in a field covered in mosquitoes and flies. The baby had “claw” feet and hands and no doubt his parents cast him away as “throwaway.” Little Flower cared for him and raised him. He is now a teenage boy with friends. He is a baptized Catholic and he loves Jesus. He knows how he was abandoned and rediscovered as a baby and is grateful to be alive. He describes himself as happy. When I heard this story, the Holy Spirit told me that we needed to support this apostolate.

As a Member of the New Saint Thomas Institute you can know for certain that as you study theology and watch our video lessons, you are simultaneously helping feed over 1,000 people every month and caring for orphans in China. We hope to do more in the months and years to come, but I think this is a good start for us. Theological training, if it does not produce real fruit for Christ, is really just the whispering of demons. Hopefully this new “improvement” to NSTI will help us all grow in the one true faith and also in true works.

For all those who are Members of the New Saint Thomas Institute…Thank you for making this possible!

Godspeed,

Taylor

PS: If you’d like to learn more about Chunmiao Little Flower and get involved above and beyond what we do with the New Saint Thomas “Oxcart Project” please visit their site by clicking here.

Question: How else can true Catholic/Christian theology move us to make an eternal impact while we are still on earth? You can leave a comment by clicking here.

#054: Is God Male or Female – The Catholic Teaching

My goal this week is to talk to you about a controversial issue in Western culture. You may have wondered about it. You may have been asked to defend it and you did not know how to do it. It’s the question “Is God male or female?”

screenshot

This question touches on Trinitarian theology, Eucharistic theology, whether or not women can be ordained to Holy Orders, and even the theology of Holy Matrimony.

Click to Listen: #054: Is God Male or Female

Play

  If the audio player does not show up in your email or browser, please click here to listen.
  • Proverb of the week: Sirach 27:4
  • Featured Segment: Is God Male or Female
  • Announcements:
    • Live Webinar with Taylor on March 9 at 7pm Central time. Our topic this time: How to Convince Non-Catholics 2.0 – the Art (not Science) of Evangelization. Please click here to sign up.
    • New Saint Thomas Institute Fall Enrollment for new Members is about to close. As of today, there are less than 6 days left to join. We close enrollment on October 14. Spots are filling up quickly.

    • Those who join NSTI before October 14 will receive instant access, 38% off our already ridiculously low tuition, have a 21 day full money back guarantee, and get several bonuses including my books The Crucified Rabbi and Thomas Aquinas in 50 pages.

    • We are also adding the bonus of a Catholic Bible Cheat Sheet that they can print out and place in their Bibles. It has all the verses they need to defend nearly every Catholic teaching. We are also adding the bonuses of mp3s on Saint Joseph, How to Pray the Rosary daily, and an Introduction to Logic. There are some more bonuses listed and explained at newsaintthomas.com.

      Last time we got a huge push on the last two days of people enrolling, but if we fill up, we fill up. So don’t wait till the last day on October 14 2014. Sign up today while you’re thinking about it: newsaintthomas.com (and get your instant bonuses)

  • Tip of the week: Muse Brain Sensing Headband

You can get the Muse Brain Sensing Headband at Amazon by clicking here:

  • Latin word of the week: Femina
Are you enjoying this podcast? Please share it on Facebook by clicking here.

Please Share Your Feedback:

  • 238,900 downloads on iTunes as of today.
  • SHOUT OUT: A huge “shout out” to all 239 (!) of you who wrote amazing 5-star reviews at iTunes. Please rate this podcast by clicking here and then click “View in iTunes.” From there you can leave a review. I appreciate you for this! Thank you!
  • SUBSCRIBE: Please subscribe (FREE) to this podcast in iTunes and get a new podcast every Wednesday.
  • SURVEY: Please view our Podcast Listener Poll by clicking here.

Question:

Tell your thoughts about this podcast by leaving a comment below. You can leave a comment by clicking here.

Podcast Archive

# Title Released
053 Lucifer vs. Saint Michael 10/01/2014
052 1 Year Anniversary Special Edition: Essentialism What is the Essence of Your Life? 09/24/2014
051 The Price of Your Anger 09/17/2014
050 The Seven Sorrows of Mary are the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit 09/15/2014
049 Obstacles in Your Life (How to Conquer Them) 09/10/2014
048 Brain Science, Your Soul & Prayer 09/03/2014
047 Don’t Swallow the Camel 08/27/2014
046 The Secret Life of Thomas Aquinas 08/22/2014
045 Did Saint Paul Teach Once Saved Always Saved? 08/06/2014
044 How to Escape Joyless Catholicism, Part 2 07/30/2014
043 How to Escape Joyless Catholicism, Part 1 07/24/2014
042 Golf Cart Saint 07/15/2014
041 5 Intellectual Virtues and Pornography, Art, and Culture 07/02/2014
040 Taylor and Joy Talk About Their Marriage 06/25/2014
038 Should You Budget Time 06/04/2014
037 The Theology of Vacation, Leisure, and Recreation 05/28/2014
036 Noah Movie Review – Rock Monsters? 05/21/2014
035 Children Need Fortitude 05/14/2014
034 Jokes of Saint John XXIII 05/07/2014
033 Divine Mercy: 5 Common Questions 04/30/2014
032 4 Sections of Hell 04/23/2014
031 Meet The Saint Version of You 04/16/2014
030 Should You Be an Optimist? 04/09/2014
029 Finding Fellowship like Samwise Gamgee 04/01/2014
028 Demons, Snakes, and Ticks: Lessons from a Hunting Trip 03/26/2014
027 How to Make an Eternal Impact with Your Life 03/19/2014
026 Thoughts on My Pilgrimage to Our Lady of Guadalupe 02/26/2014
025 Why is the Catholic Church Roman? 02/19/2014
024 The Seven Lies We Believe About Our Failures 02/11/2014
023 How to Restart Your Mental Computer 02/06/2014
022 Top Five Productivity Tips from Thomas Aquinas 01/29/2014
021 Did You Miss God’s Plan for Your Life? 01/23/2014
020 When Prayer Becomes a Chore 01/15/2014
019 12 Attributes of a Baptized Christian 01/08/2014
018 A Podcast Against Bitter Catholics! 12/30/2013
017 Mary’s Painless Delivery of Christ Explained 12/18/2013
016 Our Lady of Guadalupe and Saint Luke (Plus How to Set Goals) 12/11/2013
015 Total Consecration to Mary 12/04/2013
014 What’s Your Apostolate? 11/27/2013
013 6 Items for the Liturgy of Your Life 11/20/2013
012 Why You Should Be More Creative 11/13/2013
011 Why Did They Stop Teaching Virtue? 11/06/2013
010 How Do Saints Hear Our Prayers? 10/30/2013
009 My Opinion of Martin Luther 10/23/2013
008 My Top 5 Daily Prayers 10/16/2013
007 Your Guardian Angel 10/03/2013
006 How You Can Convert 7 Billion People 09/25/2013
005 3 Strategies for a Marriage that Sings! 09/18/2013
004 4 Step Plan When Family Leave the Faith 09/12/2013
003 5 Tools for Deep Daily Prayer Life 09/04/2013
002 Three Tips to Increase Your Passion for Life 08/28/2013
001 How to Find a Spiritual Director 08/18/2013

Custom Catholic Websites, Mass Times, and eCatholic

If you follow me on Twitter or Facebook, you know that one of my biggest pet peeves is Catholic parish websites that don’t display Mass times. You can find the bingo times, the car raffle, Sister’s newsletter, and a photo of the pastor’s dog, but you can’t find the Mass times!

The information that we laypeople need (confession times, Mass times….and especially Holy Day of Obligation Mass times) are often deeply hidden under embedded tabs of a Web 1.0 parish website with broken links.

Can I get a witness?

For example, if you are traveling in a different city and it’s August 15 or December 8 or January 1 (each is a Holy Day of Obligation), then you need to look up the Mass time and plan the day accordingly. Usually, you’d do this on a smart phone: find the parish, find the right time, the address, and then plan accordingly.

In my experience, it’s hit and miss. Often the websites are not mobile responsive – so it doesn’t display correctly on a smart phone. Then to find the address and Mass times is another hurdle. Usually, you have to find the bulletin, download the bulletin pdf, then open the bulletin, and read through it to find the Mass times! Is the Eucharist worth it? Yes. But I wish parishes would make it a bit easier for us.

I think about 50% of American Catholic websites are regrettably living in 2004 and not 2014. 50% of parishes out there have awesome web pages with everything right there under your nose in clear daylight. The other 50% are truly medieval (not in the good Thomas Aquinas medieval way, but in the bad tortuous medieval way).

A recommendation for Catholic websites:

My friend Josh Simmons (he’s also an Aggie – we graduated from Texas A&M in the same year) has been solving the “Catholic website problem” for several years now and he is even helping with the parish websites for the Archdiocese of New York. Now we can know for certain that all the Mass times in NYC will be discover-able and accurate!

Josh’s company is eCatholic and they provide a plug and play solution for Catholic websites. It’s literally a drag and drop template for Catholic parishes – so you can easily create beautiful Catholic pages (and let people easily find your Catholic parish Mass times).

If you need to have a snazzy custom Catholic website but you’re not a web developer, then check out eCatholic. It’s inexpensive, they provide hosting, support, and training.

Josh is offering free trial of eCatholic by clicking here. So if you are a pastor, work for a parish, or have some influence in your parish, please hook us laypeople up, and get one of these beautiful Catholic sites with excellent user experience.

 

 

PS: If you’re not a parish and want to get into Catholic blogging like me, I recommend using self-hosted Word Press and going with Bluehost for your Word Press hosting. Bluehost has great customer support, incredible value (only 4 bucks a month!), and their company doesn’t host pornography. Start your website or blog now by getting started with Bluehost: click here.

If you want plug and play all-in-one service with no required tech knowledge, then go with eCatholic.

Are You Saved? Catholic Salvation is Like a Piano Chord

“Are you saved?” According to our research at the New Saint Thomas Institute, “Are You Saved” is the #1 question that Catholics have trouble answering.

We’ve put together a video that we are offering free to the public to help you answer this crucial question. In this lesson, I explain how Catholic salvation is more like a piano chord and less like a singular piano note. A “D chord” and a “D note” are the same sound but the chord is threefold and much richer. Likewise, so are the threefold temporal stages of Catholic salvation throughout your life.

I explain this concept in detail in the video lesson below and show how you can use it explain the concept of Catholic salvation to Protestants:

If you don’t see the video, please click here to watch it.

If you enjoy this theology video lesson, please consider joining the New Saint Thomas Institute and get instant access to our Catholic theology classes every week for a ridiculously low tuition starting at only 27/month.

New Saint Thomas Institute Fall Enrollment is now open and closes on October 14. To learn about your Member benefits, bonuses, and how to get on our waiting list for Fall Enrollment, please click here.

Do you want to get instant access and receive 38% off tuition and get our new bonus items? Sign up now before October 14.

NSTI Certificate

Live Webinar with Taylor on Thursday Oct 9: 4 Secrets to Helping Other People Become Catholic

The last time we did a live online “webinar,” we had almost 800 live participants. It was lots of fun and so we are doing it again.

microphone

I’m hosting another free live webinar on Thursday October 9 2014 at 7pm Central title: “4 Secrets to Helping Other People Become Catholic.”

It will be me giving a live streaming video webinar write to your computer with the ability of you to communicate with me and the team.

The purpose of this webinar (unlike last time) is to focus on not on the theological content of sharing your faith with others, but the “art” of sharing your faith: How to do it compellingly. We will accomplish the following this Thursday night:

  1. How to craft the “narrative” of your faith (we provide a free worksheet or mindmap)
  2. How to identify the “watermark” of your story
  3. How to properly navigate the “spirituality vs. religion” division that most “spiritual” people assert
  4. How to have the emotional maturity and balance to win converts and not just win intellectual battles

I don’t know of anything else like this online. It will be live and free. If we have time, we will open up the line for live questions.

Please sign up:

During the webinar, I’ll also be giving away a two 6 month memberships to the New Saint Thomas Institute for more theological online courses.

In order to be part of our online Webinar, you must sign up. Please sign up by clicking here.

Fr Benedict Groeschel Once Read My Soul – May He Rest in Peace

The Franciscan Friars of the Renewal have announced that Father Benedict Groeschel, C.F.R., has died at the age of 81.

Father Benedict Groeschel and Taylor Marshall

Fr Benedict Groeschel and a younger “Rev” Taylor Marshall as an Episcopalian priest

I first saw Father Benedict Groeschel on television. I was a 24 year old (Protestant) seminarian in Philadelphia. I was flipping through the channels at night and saw Father Benedict talking about Martin Luther and John Calvin. He said something like, “Luther I couldn’t work with, but Calvin, I think I could have turned him into a Catholic.”

I was immediately fascinated with this man wearing a long beard and “dressed in sackcloth.” I started watching him at night and he certainly planted seeds in my heart for a future conversion to Catholicism.

Years later when I was an Episcopalian priest, I was able to meet him in person in Washington DC. He was very interested in the fact that I was an Episcopalian priest and he was certain that I should become a Catholic. “Oh, you went to Nashotah House in Wisconsin,” he said with enthusiasm, “then you’re almost Catholic already!”

Father Benedict Groeschel Read My Soul

I’ve never said this publicly, but he leaned in to me and whispered. He read my soul right then and there. He told me things that I had thought but that I had never told to people. It was alarming but also comforting.

It was a miracle and I have ever since believed that Father Benedict was a holy man with miraculous charisms like Padre Pio. He gave me counsel and encouraged me. It was quite a remarkable experience. These are things that cannot be explained by science or natural observation. There was something deeply supernatural about Father Benedict Groeschel.

Father Benedict Groeschel into the Arms of God the Father

We had been following Father Benedict’s health for awhile, and my CFR friends had told me that he had not been doing well for the least several weeks. This morning Joy told me that Father Benedict had died. We stopped during breakfast and prayed that he would skip purgatory and go straight into the arms of the Father.

I’m pretty certain that he did. He was very close to the Eucharistic Heart of Jesus and he deeply understood the profound mercy of God. He would say that when he died and showed up at the pearly gates, all he would do is cast his eyes down and humbly beg for mercy. I know that he received it!

May Father Benedict rest in peace and do more for us in Heaven than he did for us on earth.

Godspeed,
Taylor Marshall

Question: Do you have any memories of Father Benedict that you’d like to share? You can leave a comment by clicking here.

Please share this post with you friends on Facebook by clicking here.

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The Nine Choir Hierarchy of the Angels in Scripture and Tradition

There has been debate in the comments box on Lucifer vs. Saint Michael over whether there really are nine choirs of angels.

Screen Shot 2014-10-01 at 2.15.45 PM

Here’s the theological evidence to settle the issue that there are nine celestial orders of angels (from lowest to highest):

Angels, Archangels, Virtues, Powers, Principalities, Dominations, Throne, Cherubim, Seraphim

In my free book Thomas Aquinas in 50 Pages, I explain the cosmic responsibilities of each order.

St. Gregory the Great teaches, based on Saint Paul’s writings, that there are nine orders of angels:

We know on the authority of Scripture that there are nine orders of angels, viz., Angels, Archangels, Virtues, Powers, Principalities, Dominations, Throne, Cherubim and Seraphim. That there are Angels and Archangels nearly every page of the Bible tell us, and the books of the Prophets talk of Cherubim and Seraphim. St. Paul, too, writing to the Ephesians enumerates four orders when he says: ‘above all Principality, and Power, and Virtue, and Domination’; and again, writing to the Colossians he says: ‘whether Thrones, or Dominations, or Principalities, or Powers’. If we now join these two lists together we have five Orders, and adding Angels and Archangels, Cherubim and Seraphim, we find nine Orders of Angels.” (Hom. 34, In Evang.)

St. Thomas Aquinas teaches the same ninefold pattern at Summa theologica I, q. 108.

St. Paul teaches speaks of angels and archangels and refers to the orders of “principality, and power, and virtue, and dominion” in Ephesians 1:21. He also mentions “thrones, dominations, principalities or powers” at Colossians 1:16.

The term archangel occurs only in St. Jude and 1 Thessalonians 4:15; but St. Paul has furnished us with two other lists of names of the heavenly cohorts. He tells us (Ephesians 1:21) that Christ is raised up “above all principality, and power, and virtue, and dominion”; and, writing to the Colossians (1:16), he says: “In Him were all things created in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominations, or principalities or powers.”

Paul gives us the middle five orders and we add to it, “angels, archangels, cherubim, and seraphim” from his writings and the rest of Scripture. So that bring us to nine orders or choirs of angels.

Question: Are you aware of this tradition? Do you think it is controversial? You can leave a comment by clicking here.